Chinese Fuseki

  Difficulty: Advanced   Keywords: Opening

Chinese 1: 中国流 (zhōngguˇli˙)
Chinese 2: 中国流布局 (zhōngguˇli˙ b¨j˙)
Japanese: 中国流 布石 (chūgokuryū fuseki)
Korean: 중국식 포석 (junggukshik poseok)

Chinese opening  

The Chinese opening or Chinese fuseki is the opening pattern that is characterized by the black moves B1 B3 B5 (or B1 B3 a) in this diagram. Black is not enclosing the bottom right corner but playing on a somewhat larger scale. The idea behind the opening is that White at some time will be forced to invade somewhere in the framework that Black builds on the right, after which Black will use the attack on the white group to turn another part of it into territory.

There are two main variants, namely the low Chinese opening, which is presented here, and the high Chinese opening, where B5 is played at a. The high variant is more influence oriented, the low variant more territory oriented. Since at least the late 1990s, the low variant has been the most commonly played and has hence become synonymous with the "Chinese opening," without specifying "high" or "low," in contemporary usage.

AI's Response to the Chinese Opening

AI introduced the attachment at the 4-4 point against the Chinese opening. Accoring to Shibano Toramaru, which ever way black plays, B5 will become inefficient. The 4-4 attachment is effective against all varieties of the Chinese openings including the mini-Chinese.


More technical discussion

The Chinese fuseki has been very influential, leading to many further patterns being tried:

See High Concept Opening Myth for other opinions on the Chinese fuseki


The Chinese opening is most commonly believed to have originated from amateur Chinese players in as early as the 1950s, where Guo Tisheng played it in 1951. However, it wasn't until the 1963 and 1965 Japan-China Go Exchange matches, where Chen Zude played the opening numerous times as both Black and White, that it caught the wider attention of Japanese players.

Despite this, some Japanese players have claimed the opening was introduced to Chinese players by the Japanese before it returned back to Japan during the early to mid 1960s. For example, it was wrongly claimed that the first person to play the Chinese fuseki was Kawai Tetsuyuki in 1966, much later than official records show (see [ext] this message (LINK BROKEN)). In an even more famous example, Kato Masao claimed in his book The Chinese Opening that the Chinese opening originated in Japan and was introduced to Chinese players by Yasunaga Hajime. Regardless, it can be seen that, at a minimum, the opening went through numerous exchanges between amateur Chinese and Japanese players, and even made an appearance in the 1961 Amateur Honinbo tournament when Harada Minoru played the high Chinese (according to Charles Matthews [ext] here and Rin Kaiho's Dictionary of Basic Fuseki series).

Low Chinese Opening - study references

Charles Matthews on GoBase: [ext] 09 [ext] 10 [ext] 11 [ext] 12 [ext] 13 [ext] 14 [ext] 15 [ext] 16 [ext] 17

Josh Allen? 's [ext] video lecture

Kato Masao 's "The Chinese Opening - The Sure-Win Strategy"

A Dictionary of Modern Fuseki - The Korean Style

Rin Kaiho 's "Dictionary of Basic Fuseki, vol. 2" p311 - 379.

High Chinese Opening - study references

Kato Masao 's "The Chinese Opening - The Sure-Win Strategy"

Rin Kaiho 's "Dictionary of Basic Fuseki, vol. 2" p380 - 460.

Shibano Toramaru, Fuseki Revolution (2021).

Chinese Fuseki last edited by CDavis7M on August 29, 2021 - 21:57
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