Fujisawa Hideyuki (藤沢秀行, Fujisawa Shuko, 19 June 1925 - 8 May 2009) was a Japanese, professional 9-dan. Father of Fujisawa Kazunari. Grandfather of Fujisawa Rina. Uncle of Fujisawa Hosai. Teacher of Abe Yoshiteru, Mimura Tomoyasu, Kurahashi Masayuki, Fujisawa Kazunari, Amano Masafumi, Takao Shinji, Nakazawa Ayako.
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Fujisawa Hideyuki was born in Yokohama, Japan. He was one of the best players of his era, one of the "Three crows" along with Toshiro Yamabe and Suzuki Keizo (and later Kajiwara Takeo). Even though he was known for controversial acts, such as a drinking habit, his Go skill shone through. Besides Go, he was known for gambling and was a successful real estate dealer. He was also known for his calligraphy and had several exhibits of his works. At his peak he became known as "Shuko", an alternative reading of the characters for his given name. However he stated in his autobiography that although he doesn't mind being called Shuko he'd prefer to be called Hideyuki.
Fujisawa, a student of Fukuda Masayoshi, began studying at the Nihon Kiin in 1934 and turned pro in 1940. Although he struggled at first, taking 23 years to reach 9 dan, he started a title run in the early 1960's, continuing through the 70's and 80's. He won his first major title in 1962, the Meijin. He then won two Asahi Pro Best Ten titles in 1965 and 1968. He held the Oza for three consecutive years from 1967 to 1969. The same year that he lost the Oza, he won the NHK Cup. The Meijin title was Fujisawa's again when he won it in 1970. He then went on a dry streak of titles. By 1976, he won his first title since the Meijin in 1970, the Tengen.
Perhaps the crowning achievement of his go career was winning the Kisei title on its inception in 1976, at the relatively advanced age of 51, and holding it for 6 straight years from 1976 to 1982. By 1980, nobody thought anyone else but Fujisawa would win the Kisei, but that was silenced when he finally lost it to Cho Chikun in 1983. He won the first 3 games, controlling each and every move Cho made. It looked like Fujisawa would hold the Kisei for the 7th year in a row, but Cho fought back and won 4 games, Fujisawa making a blunder in a winning position in the seventh game. After his run of consecutive Kisei titles, the Japanese Nihon Ki-in awarded him Honorary Kisei. He is known to play a very flexible fuseki, but infamous for his mid to late-game blunders.
Fujisawa was getting old now, and wouldn't win another title until ten years later. Again he won the Oza and held it for two years at the age of 67. He had set a record for the oldest player to defend a title, a record which still stands to this day. In October of 1998, he decided to retire from the Go world at the age of 74. The following year Fujisawa was expelled from the Nihon Ki-in for selling unsanctioned rank diplomas to amateurs in protest against what he considered improper Ki-in policies. In June, 2003, the dispute was resolved and Fujisawa was reinstated in the Ki-in. His last place of residence was Kawasaki City. Fujisawa died 8 May 2009.
Fujisawa had a reputation for winning the first edition of many titles: the first Prime Minister's Cup (1957), the first Nihon Ki-in Nihon Ki-in Number One Position (1959), the first Meijin (1962), the first Haya-Go Championship (1969), the first Tengen (1976), and the first Kisei (1977)...
According to Mrs. Guo Juan, Fujisawa-Sensei went to China every year to teach, bringing his students, beginning in the early 1980s. At first he used his own money, later acquiring sponsors.
Fujisawa died of pneumonia on 2009 May 8 at 7:16am at a Tokyo hospital.
Article in English from The Mainichi Daily News http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20090508p2a00m0na007000c.html
- Fujisawa Shuko Weiqi Classroom
- Fujisawa Tesuji Dictionary
- Go Super Books 1: The Nadare Joseki
- Reducing Territorial Frameworks
- Shuko The Only Move
- The Creations of Shuko
- The Perceptions of Shuko
- The World of Shuko
Fujisawa's name was originally Tamotsu, but he changed it to Hideyuki in 1943. The characters for "Hideyuki have the alternative reading Shuko by which Fujisawa was often known. The character shu (秀, shū) is the same as the one in many Honinbo names, such as Shuwa, Shusaku, Shusai, Shuei.
It is fair to say that he is best known as Shuko in Japan. He also regularly uses Shuko in his book titles, for example:
- Shuko no Sekai (this 6 volume set is even copyright Fujisawa Shuko)
- Shuko Ryuu Kono Itte (this one is copyright Fujisawa Hideyuki)
On the other hand when the Yomiuri Shimbun published the games from the first five Kisei matches (that earned him the title of Honorary Kisei - Meiyo Kisei), they titled the book Fujisawa Hideyuki Meiyo Kisei e no Michi More about pronouncing his name on /Discussion.