Difficulty: Beginner   Keywords: Shape, Tactics, Go term

Chinese: 尖 (jian1); 小尖 (xiao3 jian1)
Japanese: コスミ (kosumi)
Korean: 입구자

Kosumi is a Japanese go term adopted into English. It is often translated as diagonal or diagonal move. 在原有棋子的斜线上下一子。由于尖的步子较小,也称其为"小尖"。 在实战中,尖是一种攻守兼备的下法,既能够保持两子间的连络,又能够出头,控制行棋的方向。


Playing this way for Black may seem simple tactically, but from the point of view of shape that really isn't so. To discuss this intelligently one needs to be very familiar with a few diagonal play reference shapes

The purpose of a kosumi can be to connect, move out, attack, maintain the cut and so on. Here are a couple of features of the kosumi

Miai to connect  

The kosumi is not yet physically connected but with locally alternating play it can not be cut: if White tries to cut at a, Black plays at b and becomes connected and vice versa. These two points are prime examples of miai.

Vital points  

The four marked points are all vital points of the kosumi shape. White can attack the kosumi at one of these points, when she is in a position to attack of course. See compromised diagonal. Also, ...


... when White already has a stone here and is strong in the area, playing the kosumi is to be avoided.[1]

Some examples of this shape in actual cases are at compromised diagonals and joseki.

Kosumi festival  

Example of kosumis in pro game given in "NHK Igo Koza" magazine, September 2005. According to commentator Oya Koichi, "An exemplary fuseki through B1. The vital point of W2 seems reasonable, and B3 is a vital point as well, W4 is then unavoidable, then B5...wait a minute, what is this, it's raining kosumis! There's something natural about this particular kosumi shower, and it's hard to explain the difference between these and the so-called weak player's diagonal which is supposed to be bad."

See also:

For diagonal contact there is a whole diagonal attachment path.

Authors: Morten, Dieter, Charles


Dieter: This is my interpretation of Rob van Zeijst's columns on the kosumi.

Charles Those would be

[ext] http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/igo_e/174.htm

[ext] http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/igo_e/175.htm

[ext] http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/igo_e/176.htm

An example is given there of hebo kosumi (weak player's diagonal). See Attach-extend on the side, tenuki: it's not a trite matter.

I have now added quite a number of further pages stimulated by what's there, and discussion here.

Kosumi last edited by Zaghyang on April 15, 2023 - 09:47
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