National Go Individual
The National Go Individual (全国围棋个人赛) is a historically significant Chinese tournament created in 1957. It was the most prestigious event in Chinese go before the Chinese government officially began its professional system in the 1980s, and played a significant role in the initial selection of China's first professionals. It was suspended from 1967 to 1973 due to The Cultural Revolution; and in 1978, a parallel women's tournament was created. The 51st term was held in 2017.
For many years, the National Go Individual was the most prestigious event in China, being officially sponsored by the Chinese government, offering a prize purse, and an open national event. This made it China's first big tournament title in modern go. However, once the Chinese government officially began its professional system in the 1980s the result was the rise of other domestic tournaments with far larger prize purses. Also, by the late 1980s to early 90s private sponsors and international events took off. Combined, these led to a steady decline in attendance and importance of the National Go Individual. Though Chinese authorities have tried to reinvigorate the event by awarding places in international events to individual champions, the National Go Individual has nonetheless been relegated to a minor event. However, due to the limited number of domestic women's events, the women's section remains fairly important in Chinese women's go.
For a list of the top six finishers each year, see https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/全国围棋个人赛
|Tournament Format||Rounds||Time Limit|
|Swiss||9||2h 40min main time |
w/ 5x60s byoyomi
 Zhang Wei was the winner according the Chinese Wikipedia entry. However, some sources list second place Hua Xueming as the winner.[CitationNeeded]
valerio: the name, I think, is Quanguo Weiqi Geren. In 2012 the complete name was: 2012 Wáng Tàixìng Bēi Quánguó Gèrén Sài. This is a swiss tournament in 9 rounds. There is also a National individual for young players (the last winner was An Dongxu 4dan, born in 1992-12-27).
Velobici: Valerio agree with you regarding the name Quanguo Weiqi Geren Sai is a romanization of 全国围棋个人赛. Don't know about the young players tournament.