Karigane Junichi (雁金準一, 30 July 1879 - 21 February 1959) was a Japanese, professional 9-dan. He was likely the second strongest player in Japan from 1907-26; helped co-found the Kiseisha and Keiinsha; and played in the most famous & anthologized fighting game of the period. He studied at the Hoensha as a pupil of Nakagawa Kamesaburo, was a regular attendee of the Shishokai meetings, and later became a pupil of Honinbo Shuei. He was intended to be Shuei's heir to the Honinbo house, but infighting, intrigue and eventually self-detachment led it to being bestowed upon Honinbo Shusai.
From 1905-7 his teacher at that time, Honinbo Shuei, seems to have revised his opinion on Karigane's style several times. In 1905, said, "Karigane's go is very different from other people's. He does not stick his neck out in jerks and spasms, Rather it is like water flowing gently downhill and accumulating there. In this respect he is like Shuwa. As regards those fit to become a future Meijin, he is the only one at present."
However, later on his sickbed Shuei said, "His go suffers from seeing too many moves." Isawa Shunko, the person retelling this anecdote, was perplexed at this description saying, "In my ignorance I cannot understand this phrase, even now. ...but I think it was favourable to Karigane."
In an anecdote, Nozawa Chikucho recalls Shuei saying, "The way Karigane sees moves at once, there is probably no-one he is second to."
Nakane Hojiro said, "When I played Karigane, he often thought for a long time. But when I looked at his gentle face my anger melted away. His face was gentle like a lady's, a little pale, reminding me of a crane. There was no deviousness."
- 1893: 1-dan
- 1897: 2-dan
- 1900: 3-dan
- 1901: 4-dan
- 1905: 5-dan, upon becoming a student of Honinbo Shuei
- 1907: 6-dan, given by Shuei from his sickbed
- 1926: 7-dan
- 1933: 8-dan
- 1959: 9-dan, awarded by his Keiinsha pupils and separately by the Nihon Kiin
|1899||Karigane Junichi, Tamura Yasuhisa||4-0-6||Sponsored by Inukai Tsuyoshi & Takada Tamiko.|
|1900||Honinbo Shuei, Karigane Junichi||6-0-4||Sponsored by Takada Tamiko.|
|1941-2||Go Seigen, Karigane Junichi||4-0-1||Stopped after game five to save Karigane face.|
- Latest Go Secrets (新式囲碁秘伝) (1909), can be found here.
- Go Stories off the Board (Hogai Kiwa 方外棋話) (1952)
- Araki Chikayoshi
- Fujiwara Shichishi
- Harada Magosuke
- Inagaki Shuzaburo
- Inoue Kyuhi
- Kodama Koryu
- Momose Hisato
- Namiki Kyozaburo
- Takenaga Shoji
- Tomita Tadao
- Watanabe Shokichi
 Honinbo Shusai v. Karigane Junichi, 1926-09-27. The match is covered in full detail in the book Power - Honinbo Shusai Defends the Nihon Kiin (2012). The game is also used in the Hikaru no Go manga, ch. 8, Shindo v. Kaga.
- In 1899, he played Korean champion Paek Nam-kyu, with alternate games being sunjang baduk. One of their games is classified as the oldest surviving sunjang game.
- Karigane and Go Seigen played a famous match on 12 October 1944 which resulted in a jigo. During the same 8-dan Tournament he scored another jigo against Kato Shin (1944-08-04).
- Supposedly Karigane & Shusai spent 240-hours on a game from 1920-05-21~11-28.