# Quasi-pincer

Keywords: Joseki, Go term
Quasi pincer

Books on joseki usually make no reference at all to as a pincer.

One theory is that White can play tenuki here and not suffer too much damage. Therefore it is better to pincer on the fourth line.

Magic Sword tenuki

Certainly if Black later adds the circle-marked stones in, the square-marked pincer stone belongs on the fourth line as shown.

In a sense the two-space low "pincer" to the high approach move isn't really a pincer. When a stone is really pincered it is inside the sector line created by the pincering stones. This puts a lot more pressure on the pincered stone. With the two (and more) space low pincer the "pincered" stone looks more like an erasing stone than an invading one. When Black does play the two space low pincer White has a fairly severe response at the marked stone in the diagram:

White's cover play

After this the black pincering stone might well end up too close to white thickness.

A Chinese book makes the point that a pincer (jia) was not just an attack from both sides but that it was a "converging" attack. It seems that the two black stones here in no way converge, unless you assume umpteen free moves.

The consequences of introducing the idea of a quasi-pincer concept as suggested by this analysis would be the loss of pincer status also by these pincers:

Not a real pincer?
Not a real pincer?

And of course their 4-4 point analogues[1]. As well, the pincer at 3-4 point distant high approach from the wrong direction would be called a quasi-pincer. [2] In Pincer Nomenclature it is suggested that an essential feature of a pincer is to obstruct the pincered stone making a two space extension. In general the two space extension is most desirable for a stone on the third line because it helps make a base. With the "quasi-pincers" a two space extension is obstructed but the stone is on the fourth line so a base is not as relevant. The pincering stone on the third line does undercut the pincered stone but because it is on the fourth line it has easy access to the outside.

## Database search

Not only the marked stone below but b as well is missing from the dictionaries. One possible explanation is covered on high vs low pincer. The play a is the only low pincer commonly used against the one-space high approach move.

More than one missing pincer

Searching the GoGoD CD with an otherwise empty quadrant returns 13 games with this shape. Out of the 13, four are actual pincers played at the marked stone. All four are cases where Black already has a stone at one or the other of the points marked c. The other nine games are all cases where White plays the high approach with the marked black stone already on the board (3483 enclosure). We can reasonably say that the two-space low pincer does not exist in professional play on a "stand alone" basis.

Black: Lu Shulun? 1D, white: Hashimoto Utaro 7D, 1949-10-20, mission to China

Using Waltheri's go pattern search I found this unique example. But of course one single game does not refute the claim that it 'does not exist in professional play'.