Xuánxuán Qíjīng (玄玄棋經, Gateway to All Marvels, Gengen Gokyo, 현현기경) is a classic, Chinese problem collection published in 1349 by Yan Defu and Yan Tianzhang; it is one of the most influential problem collections in go history.
The Chinese title could be translated literally as "mysterious weiqi classic". (玄 xuán mysterious; 棋 qí chess or chess-like game i.e. Go; 經 jīng classic/sacred book).
|Table of contents||Table of diagrams
[Problem 1 | Xuanxuan Qijing Problem 1], White to play
[Problem 118 | Xuanxuan Qijing Problem 118], Black to play
[Problem 267 | Xuanxuan Qijing Problem 267], Black to play
The Xuánxuán Qíjīng traditionally consists of 347 problems. In Japan it is known as the Gengen Gokyo. Many editions and versions of the book have appeared since its first printing, sometimes varying in number of problems, problem order, solutions, 'revised' problems, and so on.
The Xuanxuan Qijing problems part is available on Sensei's Library here.
Table of Contents of the Xuanxuan Qijing
- Chapter 1 - 13 Articles About Go
- Chapter 2 - Playing Techniques in Detail
- Chapter 3 - Joseki and Actual Games
- Part 1: Joseki
- Part 2: Actual Games Records
- Chapter 4 - The Zhenlong Go Problems
- Section 1: Corners
- Section 2: Sides
- Section 3: Center
- SL's Xuanxuan Qijing Problems - 347-problems with partial solutions.
- tsumego.tasuki.org - PDF, 347-problems with no solutions.
- http://u-go.net zip or gz file - SGFs, 347-problems with solutions.
|1913||Gengen Gokyo||Kobayashi Kentaro||Japanese||Igo Zasshisha||Available at Japanese National Diet Library Digital Collection here|
|1935||Gengen Gokyo Shin Teihon||Hashimoto Utaro||Japanese||Seibundo Shinkosha|
|1956||Shinshaku Gengen Gokyo||Hashimoto Utaro||Japanese||Kansai Kiin|
|1974||Hyeonhyeon Gigyeong||Kim In||Korean||Hyeonhyeon-gak|
|1979||Gengen Gokyo||Hashimoto Utaro||Japanese||Sankaido||978-4381079688 (2004 ed.)||Reprinted in 1997, Revised in 2004|
|1980||Gengen Gokyo-shu||Go Seigen||Japanese||Heibonsha||4-582-80387-3 & 4-582-80390-3||2 volumes, boxed. Now available as on-demand paperbacks.|
|1987||Xuanxuan Qijing||Trans. Chen Xianhui|
|Chinese||Shijie Wenwu Chubanshe||89-333-0342-1|
|Chinese translation of 1979 Hashimoto version.|
|1988||Xuanxuan Qijing, Xinjie||Wang Runan||Chinese||Renmin Tiyu Chubanshe||7-5009-0054-4||(top right picture)|
|1989||Gengen Gokyo||Takagi Shoichi||Japanese||Kyoikusha||4-315-51033-5|
|2 volumes. Digest, only 140 problems.|
|1996||Xuanxuan Qijing||Lin Tianduo?||Chinese||Shanghai Wenhua Chubanshe||7-80511-757-8|
|1999||Iyagi Hyeonhyeon Gigyeong||Kwon Gyeong-eon?||Korean||Hanguk Giwon||89-7990-058-0|
|2000||Wan-yeok Wan-gyeol Hyeonhyeon Gigyeong||Yi Hae-beom?||Korean||Jeonwon Munhwasa||89-333-0342-1|
|2005||Weiqi Shengjing: Xuanxuan Qijing, Zhenlong Qiju Pojie||Chinese||Tuanjie Press||7-80130-868-9|
|2012||The Gateway to All Marvels||John Fairbairn||English||Amazon Digital Services / SmartGo Books||Collected version from multiple sources. 466-problems and variants with solutions. Historical notes and translations.|
|2014||Baduk Classic : The Profound and Mysterious||ChoHyeYeon||English||BadukTV|
to be added
Notes and comments
- As noted in an old GoDiscussion thread, Kobayashi Chizu, 5d recommended that everyone should do the Xuanxuan Qijing, giving the opinion that it was the easiest of the classic problem collections. Weaker players can also try for a bit, and then look at the solution -- noticing new motifs. She says that it is a lot about "feeling" & vital points.
- tchan001: The original 1349 Chinese version is composed of 6 parts 禮, 樂, 射, 御, 書, 數.
- The version which seems to be based on the ancient Chinese edition is the Xuanxuan Qijing ISBN 7-80511-757-8 from the Chinese Weiqi Ancient Manuals Big Series?.
- The earliest Japanese version is the Kan'ei (寛永) version (1624-43) but this edition is said to be more complex than the original Chinese edition as if revised.
- In 1753, Kawakita Meihei? produced a version called "Explanation of the Gengen Gokyou in Proverbs" splitting the Kan'ei version in three sections for three scrolls.
- The Hashimoto Utaro version seems to be a major re-edit of the Japanese version with selection and explanation by Hashimoto. It is quite different from the original chinese version in the way it is organized.
- The Discussion page.
- Xuanxuan Qijing Problems — All of the problems here on Sensei’s Library
- https://www.usgo.org/sites/default/files/bh_library/historyofgorules.pdf The History of Go Rules by Chen Zuyuan (2011, 13 page PDF) — References the Dunhuang Classic (c. 557-581), Wang You Qing Le Ji (Carefree and Innocent Pastime Collection, c. 1100) and the Xuanxuan Qi Jing (see above)