Text Formatting Rules (version 40)

    Keywords: SL description

This page lists all formatting rules for text in pages. See Text Formatting Rules - Introduction if you are just beginning to edit pages.

Table of contents Table of diagrams
A ko


  • Words wrap and fill as needed.
  • Use blank lines to separate paragraphs.
  • Four (or more) minus signs at the start of a line make a horizontal rule.
  • %%% makes a linebreak (in headings and lists too: continue text in same line).
  • %%%% makes a "clear all" linebreak, forcing text below a diagram. [1]

To indent a paragraph, start the line either with

    • '>' (indents everything: lists, headings, diagrams) or with
    • ';:' ("mis"using definition lists).
    • In order to use preformatted text or make tables, start lines with a space (monospace font). [2]

Example: This is standard text

This is level 1 indentation using ;: (semicolon-colon).
And this is level 2 indentation ;;: (semicolon-semicolon-colon).

This is level 1 indentation using > (greater_than).

And this is level 2 indentation. > > (greater_than-greater_than)

  • This is an indented list. > > * (greater_than-greater_than-asterisk)
This is preformatted text
using a monospace font
(each line started with a space).


  • * at the start of a line for first level
  • ** for second level, etc.
  • Use * for bullet and # for numbered lists (mix at will)
  • ;Term: Definition for definition lists
  • One line for each item
  • Other leading whitespace signals preformatted text, changing font.


  • '== ' at the start of a line makes a large heading.
  • '=== ' at the start of a line makes a medium heading.
  • '==== ' at the start of a line makes a small heading.

You can optionally end the line with the same amount of '=' (Wikipedia style).

Note: There has to be a space after the '=' at the start.


  • Put doubled single-quotes ('') on both sides for emphasis (italics).
  • Put doubled underscore (__) on both sides for strong emphasis (bold).
  • Emphasis can be used multiple times within a line, but cannot cross line boundaries.

Display Text Formatting Symbols

  1. Place a "!" before the symbol. Eg: B4 (it is typed in as !B4 in edit page), [I am very good!]
  2. But "!" may not work for all symbols. In this case, consider typing the formatting symbol ' or _ 4 times in between the text formatting symbols.

Eg: %%%%, %%TOC%%

References (Links)

  • Hyperlinks to other pages can be made by JoiningCapitalizedWords or by enclosing in square brackets: [Go].
  • The second form is more general (single words too) and easier for readers (spaces allowed). Compare "join capitalized words" with "JoinCapitalizedWords". (See Wiki Name for complete description.)
  • It is possible to give your link a different name by using square brackets and '|' (or '') like this: [Go Teaching Ladder | http://gtl.xmp.net/] produces [ext] Go Teaching Ladder.
  • You can suppress linking to references by preceding the word with a '!', e.g. NotLinkedAsWikiName, http://not.linked.to/.
  • Also, precede URLs with "http:", "ftp:" or "mailto:" (obfuscated!) to create links automatically as in: [ext] http://gtl.xmp.net/.
  • URLs to images, ending with .png, .gif, .jpg, are inlined if put in square brackets. See HowToAddImages.
  • To left- or right-align an inlined picture, filename must end in resp. -alignleft or -alignright, followed by the extension. For example: [http://senseis.xmp.net/images/goban-alignright.jpg] [3]
  • To link to forum entries use the prefixes p:, posting:, t:, topic:, f:, or forum: like this: p:1 topic:1 forum:ArnoHollosi
  • Links to subheaders of pages: use #tocXY at the end. Example: [ReferenceSection - Cultural pages|ReferenceSection#toc2] becomes ReferenceSection - Cultural pages. Caution: order (or amount) of headers on a page can change and then the link will point to the wrong header.
  • Links to diagrams on other pages: use #diagXY at the end. Example: [Ko - diagram 3 | ko#diag3] becomes Ko - diagram 3 or use an unnamed link ko#diag3. Caution: order (or amount) of diagrams on a page can change and then the link will point to a wrong diagram.


  • Create links to footnotes with [#1] or any other number (i.e. square brackets + hash + number), and precede the footnote itself with [1] (i.e. square brackets + number).
  • In order to link to a footnote at another page, use [pagename#XY].


  • Subpages cannot have further subpages. So you must have a good reason to create a subpage, as you cannot structure content with this concept.
  • Subpages show up in the left yellow page area.
  • Their name is of the form "basename / subpage".
  • Links to subpages are of the form [basename / subpage].
  • A subpage from the current page can be referenced by [/subpage].
  • The %%Subpages%% macro will create a table of content of subpages.

Mark-Up Language (HTML)

  • Don't bother.
  • '<' and '>' and '&' are themselves.
  • To insert special characters (HTML entities) use the numerical &#XXXX; syntax, hexadecimal &#xYYYY; syntax, or use one of the [ext] predefined HTML entity names. Examples: &# 21163; renders as 劫, & Uuml; renders as Ü.
  • Be aware that not everyone can display Unicode.


A ko  
$$ A ko
$$ . . O X . .
$$ . O . O X .
$$ . . O X . .

Diagram lines start with "$$ ". The first line is the title line.

  • White stone: O, marked with circle: W, marked with square: @
  • Black stone: X, marked with circle; B, marked with square: #
  • Empty point: ., marked with circle; C, marked with square: S
  • Use a-z (lowercase) for letters, use 1-9+0 for numbered stones (>1-10, not more possible)
  • In title line: $$B makes "1" a black stone, $$W makes "1" a white stone.
  • -, |, + can be used as borders.
  • All diagrams are also available as SGF files -- you can download them by clicking on the diagram graphic.

You can also refer to moves with images like "B3 is good" by writing "B3 is good", and in the same way to marked stones: "WS is good" gives "white+square is good".

Read more about it in How Diagrams Work.

Table of Contents

  • Use the %%TOC%% macro to create the table of contents (as the one on the top of this very page).
  • %%TOC+%% will also add a table of content of subpages (as made by %%Subpages%%).
  • %%TOC-%% will omit the table of diagrams, and only show the table of contents

Search box

%%Search%% will add a search box in the page

Navigation Box

Back to beginning
See SL Tips and Tricks for more

  • Subsequent lines preceded by => are displayed in a distinct right aligned box. This can be useful as a navigating aid. See the example at the right side.
  • Lines preceded by =< are displayed in a left aligned box.


  • Lines starting with a single '%' are comments and are not shown when viewing a page. This behaviour can be changed in User Preferences.

SL Writing Guidelines

You may follow some SL Conventions, but they are less important than your ideas and insights!

[1] Charles: I consistently make that eight per-cents, in order to give a good clearance below diagrams. But I don't know whether that depends on the browser in use (I have IE).

[2] Preformatted text does not wrap, so please do not enter long lines in preformatted text.

[3] Inline pictures, aligned left or right do not show everytime? (see my inline-aligne-test -- RueLue)

Text Formatting Rules (version 40) last edited by ArnoHollosi on June 14, 2008 - 15:13
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