Simple 3-3 Invasion Slide Joseki, Attach
Return to parent joseki article: 4-4 Point 3-3 Invasion, Extend, Small Knight
The Simple 3-3 Invasion Slide Joseki, Attach is one of the most common continuations of the simple 3-3 invasion joseki. It is most frequently played when Black aims to gain strength or build a wall in sente, particularly when the three-stone wall comes under attack. It can also occur as a sequence transposition when Black would like to avoid the flying knife joseki.
|Table of contents|
Moves are listed by frequency in professional games, which is sensitive to whole-board position. Bolded moves are commonly considered joseki.
- a, Simple 3-3 Invasion Slide Joseki, Attach, Extend - (joseki) (common) (intermediate) (AI favorite)
- b, Simple 3-3 Invasion Slide Joseki, Attach, Bump - (joseki) (beginner)
- c, Simple 3-3 Invasion Slide Joseki, Attach, Hane - (joseki) (intermediate) (situational)
- White's most common response is to the simple extension with . The purpose of this move is to avoid giving Black any forcing moves that Black could use to strengthen themselves. As such, extending is an attacking move that works well in conjunction with a pincer stone, and it maximizes the amount of pressure on Black's wall. Additionally, it maintains access to the left side of the board and affords a balance of territory and potential.
- It is common for Black to tenuki after exchanging -.
- In the future, Black can hane underneath in sente (Diagram 2).
- White's position is thin. It is possible for Black to hane underneath and then cut. This is splits White's group into two pieces. However, this is typically good for White on an empty board because White's two stones on the left side retain a lot of vitality and aji. Some professionals play at a instead of extending out on the top side (Diagram 3).
- Black can also jump out to escape (Diagram 4). White can tenuki instead of playing .
See main article: Three-Stone Hane
- It is possible to revert to the three-stone hane shape with the bump at . This move is territorial, and White plays this way if they are willing to be sealed in on both sides.
- If White wishes to have access to the left side or top side, often times the extend at a is better. The reason for this is that if Black plays the hane at z hoping to switch sides (Diagram 2), the final outcome is better for White when White has extended at a.
- In general, the three-stone hane shape is slightly favorable for Black, since the first player to resume the joseki has a better outcome. In most circumstances, particularly on an empty board, it is better for White to extend, since this makes Black's local follow-ups comparatively uninteresting.
|Hane Wall Variations|
- The hane with is an uncommon move that can be good in special circumstances. The hane emphasizes the left side for White at the cost of allowing Black to gain thickness. White is also willing to cede the corner territory to Black, if Black wants to claim it.
- The simplest variation is the hane-connect (Diagram 1). Which strengthens both players. Compared to the simple extend, Black is thicker than before, which means that it is harder for White to attack Black's wall. If White hopes to pincer Black's wall at some point, it is better if White does not hane.
- A similar variation is the hane-extend (Diagram 2), which allows Black even more thickness in exchange for territory. By sacrificing a stone (Diagram 3), Black can gain many forcing moving to build an enormous wall. There is also a nose attach tesuji variation (Diagram 4).
- There are also some ladder-sensitive variations that may occur. In general, Black would like the ladder in order to cut at (Diagram 1-2) or hane at (Diagram 3-4). It is still playable for Black even if Black lacks the ladder at a, but it can turn into a fight after Black pulls out their stone with b.
- If Black possesses the ladder, the cut allows Black to take the corner territory (Diagram 1).
- Alternatively, the hane allows Black to capture the corner in principle (Diagram 3). It is generally best for White to create the tiger mouth to develop the outside instead of blocking for reasons discussed below. Black can capture the corner with a in gote, but often times both players will tenuki because it is too slow for either player to accept gote.
Although it is an uncommon move in professional games, the hane with is best understood as a move that recognizes and allows White to get thick. An example of this is seen in Choi Cheol-han vs. Paek Hong-seok, whereby Black chose the hane because there is clearly little chance that Black will be able to pincer or attack White's wall in the future.
In this board position, there is not much of a cost to giving White free thickness, and it could be argued that White is a bit overconcentrated, since white will not be able to use their wall effectively to attack any weak groups.
Note that the ladder is good for White, so White does have the option to hane below or to cut inside to claim the corner territory. However, in this board position, the left side is wide open, and Black has declared that that they believe the left side of the board is more valuable than the corner. Do you agree with this assessment? Sometimes it can be difficult to make this judgement.
On a wide open board, strong AI programs typically do not criticize the hane.
It is possible for Black to cut on the outside with after the hane. This reverts to the double hane joseki from the three-stone wall, which Black often plays as a form of kikashi to strengthen themselves in sente.
yuzukitea: However, this move is rarely seen in professional games. It seems that Black has much better methods to obtain a wall than the variation depicted here. Notably, by tewari analysis, here we see that Black did not gain very much compared to the normal joseki with at .
If White blocks the hane with and Black cuts with , taking the top side is not very appealing for White. The reason for this is that once White comes out with , the atari greatly damages the vitality of White's two stones on the left side, turning them into trash stones.
It would have been much better if White played the extend instead of the hane, so this result is unacceptable for White.
White should choose a joseki more consistent with their goals at the very start.
A similar principle seems to be applicable when Black "captures" the corner with in gote.
Professionals almost never respond to and instead tenuki.
But technically, the corner is not fully captured. If White resists with , White can take back the corner, but then White loses the left side with the atari, which also has the potential to turn into a ko. This is inconsistent with White's desire to develop a position on the left side. Clearly, if White wanted the corner, they should have chosen a joseki more amenable to their goals, as white can get a more comfortable corner with a different variation.