# Large bamboo joints

Difficulty: Beginner   Keywords: Shape, Tactics
Bamboo joint

What's the biggest bamboo joint possible? We all know how the regular bamboo joint works... if , then .

What if the joint were one stone longer and one line further apart?

Can White connect?

How big can it go, and are there any other rules? (4 long by 3 spaces doesn't seem to work, but I think 5x3 does).

-- Malweth

Alex Weldon: The 3x2 one works. Only two things White can try.

Black is connected (part 1)
Black is connected (part 2)

Of course, just like the regular bamboo joint, damezumari can become an issue. I don't know how big it can go, but it's mostly an academic issue, because I doubt that good play by both sides could often lead to these "large bamboo joint" shapes.

(Sebastian:) Liberties are even more important than in the 2x1 bamboo joint. If one of Black's sides is all sealed off (similar to a crane's nest) then the connection does not work.

Dieter: What you are actually looking for is the minimal breadth for a given width.

JoelR: When I saw this title, I assumed I was going to see:

Can White cut?

I've seen this in a few games, and unless White is already strong in the area, it's quite effective. Are there any useful comments on this?

ndkrempel?: It is solidly connected unless White has any one of the marked points below, which may enable a keima or push to cut:

White's threats to cut

ndkrempel?: It is solidly connected unless White has any one of the marked points below, which may enable a keima or push to cut:

JohnMoser: I believe White needs two points if a ladder is possible or if you are very close to the edge, 3 points away to be precise. See the below.

Uberdude Sure, the study of the connectedness of shapes is done under pessimistic assumptions, i.e. in the centre of the board, no friendly stones nearby and no ladders in your favour. When we say the bamboo joint is connected with miai of the 2 points within that means absolutely nothing anywhere else threatens to cut so there is no bad aji that could be exploited by more stones appearing neaby from other fighting being double purpose moves.

JohnMoser: Yes of course; however, knowing when to apply "bad shape" given other assumptions-- that you can form ladders; that you can do this near the edge of the board (and thus that nearby stones may turn bad shape into good shape-- further study often reveals other shapes by putting the pieces together), and the like-- gives you a POWERFUL tool for playing. If for example you know this is safe at the edge, you can ignore a peep; if you also know that 3 from the side is safe, and that it's still safe with 1 or 2 enemy stones out there to "help" cut it, then you can ignore a few plays by an unskilled amateur. Also, you can avoid attacking such a shape until you have a better base (i.e. invasion behind it that's failing, so cut through NOW).

Failed White cut

Here White must connect at A or extend at B or be trapped in a Tiger's Mouth.

Better attempt at White cut

Here white MUST play A, thus.

Best attempt at White cut

Uberdude This is the way to cut.

Black 8 traps White 7 in a ladder. Note the play at is correct, as if black plays as follows:

Black should also play A as soon as possible. If white has no ladder breaker, though, this is acceptable: B provides a defense against attacks and is the immediate response to White playing a ladder breaker.

If white has a ladder breaker, Black should abandon the full triangle up top after 8 and protect at A; unless there are nearby Black stones, in which case 10 may provide Black with influence and eye potential:

Turtle back by grabbing A and B; tiger's mouth at C already.

Because of the marked stone at (o), The upper stones have some strength to connect, or form a turtle back. A play at D forms a Lion's Mouth, further strengthening these stones.

Protection by net

Black can also net at . Here White will cut the lower half:

Protection by net, White cut

This allows Black to sacrifice the lower stones rather than the upper in case of a ladder breaker. Note that in this position, with up to 3 spaces from the edge, black can consider this connected; otherwise it's not.

Protection by net, White meets edge

Notice that A and B are Tiger's Mouths not in Atari. White C gets black D, leaving White C in Atari. So 3 from the edge, this is connected.

Another try

Here White meets Atari at A and B. Clearly, White has no way to cut these stones unless the wide bamboo joint is made further from the edge or with white stones in the area of play shown.

Failed White peep

If White peeps at , Black can connect at A or capture-and-connect at B. A White peep at B creates an even worse situation, leaving Black a way to extend out a little and reduce White territory on either side. White B to connect here looks like the better move after the peep at , however:

Failed White peep

White needs to play A, Black B. This creates a Snapback, however, if Black plays C or D. 3 and White can't live inside...

Black at A captures; however Black has a weak spot at , which produces double-atari.

Three Deep

Here Black is in atari at A and B. Losing either is difficult: playing at B, black loses with White at A, and then Black at C can't protect the left group from atari at d. White can now run Black 3 steps, then do a one-point jump to capture.

Three Deep, life

Here creates life: white at A or B produces 2 eyes, and likewise this is miai with 9 at B. Naturally, Black can't play in here to do anything but force the issue; Black can't even call this a Ko threat.

Thus, at 3 points away, White can live. Black should protect the edge side when threatened in this shape near the center (i.e. at least 3 points out).

Black protection

ensures that a white peep at B or a white invasion at A can be met with a response. White extension at A met at C connects to the upper chain; a play at D then gets a tiger's mouth from B, putting it in Atari and requiring extension back or else the connection will be made by capture. White peep at B gets the tiger's mouth created by Black at D, ensuring a solid connection.

A play inside would also work; however, if it's not necessary to ensure connection, then a play outside extends more influence onto the board. Influence towards the edge allows territory control of the edge; influence towards the center gives a base to run to.

Large bamboo joints last edited by 82.6.105.172 on November 10, 2010 - 00:59
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