Karl Knechtel: Surely I am not first to discover such things...
The marked stones are alive in seki assuming that the unmarked stones cannot be captured. A play at either a by either player is answered at the other a.
Well, two stones sometimes neither: nine dead black stones. (Just was up calling it double snapback, but it seems that's something different. Two-stage snapback?)
Just for the amusement value. All inside stones are alive in seki. Without the marked white stone, all black stones would be dead (white could first capture the inside group because of having an eye in the belly; then the seki is destroyed for the outside groups).
Karl Knechtel: From a problem on goproblems.com:
White answers a play at either a with the other a, and similarly for b. However, Black answers a white play diagonally opposite. This one is interesting in that the seki nature depends upon the cutting points, but White's group is not actually cut. It's also interesting that there exist four points which cannot be filled by either player - "normal" sekis have only one (one eye vs one eye simple sekis) or two (no eye vs no eye simple sekis). Which suggests the Maximum unfillable points in seki question.
Same as RTGProblem2 (colours reversed).
For even more amusement value, see Maximum Number Of Live Groups.