Keywords: Culture & History


(Simplified Chinese: 普通话; Traditional Chinese: 普通話; literally "common speech").

Pǔtōnghu, often referred to in English as "Mandarin Chinese", [ext] "Standard Mandarin" or simply "Mandarin", is the official language of the People's Republic of China and is understood by the majority of Chinese speakers.

In Taiwan, a more common term for pǔtōnghu is guyǔ (Traditional Chinese: 國語; Simplified Chinese: 国语; literally "national language"). It is also known as hnyǔ (Simplified Chinese: 汉语; Traditional Chinese: 漢語; literally: "Han (Chinese) language").

Pǔtōnghu is based on a standardised form of the language used around Beijing, although there are differences between the Beijing dialect pronunciation and Standard pronunciation.

English-speakers referring to "Chinese" as a language will probably mean Mandarin. However, they may simply mean what they most frequently hear Chinese people speaking, which could be any one of a number of dialects such as: Cantonese, Shanghainese, etc.

Hnyǔ Pīnyīn is the official romanisation of pǔtōnghu in the People's Republic of China. Taiwan typically makes use of the Wade-Giles system.

Putonghua last edited by on January 24, 2023 - 22:00
RecentChanges · StartingPoints · About
Edit page ·Search · Related · Page info · Latest diff
[Welcome to Sensei's Library!]
Search position
Page history
Latest page diff
Partner sites:
Go Teaching Ladder
Login / Prefs
Sensei's Library