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Honinbo Sansa (本因坊算砂)

Honinbo Sansa (Japanese: 本因坊算砂, or Nikkai (Japanese: 日海), 1559-1623) was the first head of the Honinbo house, first Meijin Godokoro and a Meijin Shogidokoro?.

Honinbo Sansa was a Buddhist priest of the Nichiren sect and his dharma name was Nikkai. He lived in a temple pavilion called Honinbo, where he taught go and shogi. After becoming Meijin, he took the name of Sansa.

"In 1588, Nobunaga's successor, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, organized a large-scale competition to systematize the rankings of Go players. Nikkai, a high-ranking Buddhist monk, who was Nobunaga's Go teacher, won this competition and Hideyoshi decreed that from then on all other players should take black or a larger handicap from him. Nikkai was also awarded a stipend which began the government patronage that enabled go to flourish in Japan." (Bozulich, 1999) [1][2]

Honinbo Sansa & Kashio Rigen

For many years it was believed that Honinbo Sansa had a rivalry with a person named Kashio Rigen. However, evidence referred by Fairbairn & Hall (2009, p. 198-9) suggests that in all probability the name Kashio Rigen was a confusion based upon another text, where the two names Kashio and Rigen are immediately next to each other.[3] This would mean that Kashio and Rigen are different people and Honinbo Sansa had a rivaly with two individuals, rather than a single person.




[1] Bozulich, R. (1999). Go Seigen, the 20th century's greatest player. Yomiuri Shimbun. Retrieved May 30, 2005 from [ext]

[2] JaredBeck/DevelopmentOfGoEarlyHistory

[3] Fairbairn, J. & Hall, T. M. (2009). The Go companion: Go in history and culture. Richmond, VA: Slate & Shell.

[4] Nihon Kiin. (1995). Kido Yearbook 1995. Tokyo, Japan: Nihon Kiin Publishing.

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Sansa last edited by on July 1, 2018 - 14:31
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