Answer Keima with Kosumi
More correct title: Answer Keima Approach with Kosumi
is what the proverb is about. It is only one of several useful answers to . The usefulness depends on the surroundings to a great extent. See the end of this page for more.
Below a mix of examples and completely different moves and shapes:
This means to play kosumi (diagonal move) when your opponent plays a keima (knight's move) approach to your stone. Your kosumi will be on the point that the approach aimed at. It also aims at a shoulder hit (katatsuki) against your opponent's stone.
Take for example the following situation that often arises in a handicap game:
White approaches at (keima in relation to Black's corner stone). Next Black plays at answering a keima with kosumi. After and , White will stabilize the group with a play around a. Note that the aim of is not to secure territory in the corner. White can still invade at b later on. Instead it denies access to the corner, thus keeping this stone from easily securing a base: the white group remains weak. -- Arno Hollosi
Isn't there another joseki when white plays at '1', black responds at the position which white had played '3' and then white will play a hane and the joseki continues...? Random Passerby?
But this, while joseki, is very solid, and is usually avoided. The kosumi-tsuke is good to know, but also relies on the surroundings. You would not typically respond with either kosumi or kosumi-tsuke to a keima kakari.
This seems to be a misconception these days, as the kosumi response to the keima kakari is seen often in pro play. -- Anon
So how come this is a "proverb"? Aside from here, I have seen it only on Jan van der Steen's list, and did not find an explanation there.
The other way around makes more sense:
is a keima response to the kosumi of . That is joseki, also.
Bob McGuigan: First, all proverbs have exceptions and are only meant to suggest a proper way to play. The correct move in a situation always depends on the over-all board position. In the preceding diagram is a kosumi but doesn't have the same relationship to the corner 3-4 stone. Also, is not the only joseki response to , there are several "non-keima" possibilities.
Bill: Yes, Bob, all proverbs have exceptions, but you could also say, "Answer keima with keima", or any one of a variety of responses. This is not a question of exceptions. It takes some thought to come up with examples where the kosumi is the correct response. This is a proverb?????
(Later.) I did a Google search. The source of this so-called proverb seems to be this page. ;-)
AJP: From the Nihon Ki-in's Handbook of Proverbs (Volume I) where it is listed as: "play the kosumi against the keima." In all of the examples the kosumi is Shusaku-esque in that it answers a keima approach by taking the critical shape point illustrated here in order to prevent a follow-up pressing move by the opponent at the same spot. Fittingly enough, the point a now becomes an important point. The proverb does seem to be liberally overinterpreted on this page. :)
Bill: Thanks, Andy. As the page history indicates, everybody was guessing about what it meant. Now we know. :-)
.Bob: Well I was responding to the previous post. But it is a more-or-less standard shape move to respond to a keima approach (from below) with a kosumi. WHo knows what a "proverb" is exactly anyhow.
See also keima slide and ogeima slide.