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Connect and die
Oi-otoshi (追い落とし, chasing and capturing, or, perhaps, chasing down), Japanese go term, describes a situation where a stone or group of stones is put into atari in such a way that there is no escape. This occurs usually when the only way to save such a group is to connect, and that the resulting group is still in atari. Hence the related English terminology, connect-and-die, and the Chinese 接不归 (jie1 bu4 gui1) (unable to connect back).
The term oiotoshi can also describe the process of, or preliminaries such as throw-ins, setting up such a situation.
Oiotoshi is also known under the terms connect and die and serial atari.
Please note: oi-otoshi differs from connect-and-die in one way. Oi-otoshi is a form of sacrifice, a method of destroying eye shape, or using shortage of liberties to prevent connection while connect-and-die only covers shortage of liberties. It also reflects the opposite point of view.
After , the three marked stones are under atari. However, if black tries to save the three stones by connecting with a, then white captures everything with b. Hence, the three marked stones are effectively captured and we say that these stones are caught in a connect and die.
The three Black stones are captured in connect-and-die.
(modified from The Second Book of Go)
starts the oiotoshi. If White tries to run away at , is atari again, and this time running away at doesn't help White at all since now the whole group is captured.
So White shouldn't have run away at , but instead connected with .
spazdor: I would like to propose another name for this: "catching the lizard by its tail."
Some types of lizards, when caught by their tails, will allow the tail to fall off so that they may escape, leaving the wriggling tail behind to confuse predators.
- Shortage of liberties and throw-in.
- The Crane's Nest is a classic example of oiotoshi.
- Note that Oiotoshi is also a form of auto-atari: while one group is already in atari, the connection will place new stones in atari.
- Beginner Exercise 80
- Kyu Exercise 60
- RTG Problem 49a
- Gokyo Shumyo Tsumego Series, section 5